One such project is “the candy store” an installation that will include creating a retail space housing "inconsumable products
CHAPO MARQUEZ 133, COLONIA FEDERAL, TIJUANA, B. C. MEXICO,
COMUNICADO DE PRENSA
Contact: Luis Ituarte en Tijuana 664 682-9596/231-9686 en los EE.UU. 323 574 9197
“The Candy Store” (La dulcería
): Dispensing Truth
October 13, 2009
An installation created by Artist/Collaborators, Debby and Larry Kline
For La Casa Del Túnel: Art Center
, a new cultural center in Tijuana that
formerly housed a smuggling tunnel.
Exhibition opening on Saturday, October 24, 2009 at 7PM (PST)
Refreshments and music at “la terraza cafeEcoverde” Round table Discussion Saturday, November 7, 4:00 PM.
will include the artists, a pharmacist, a physician and an advocate for medical
Smuggling or snuggling? Anything goes in “The Candy Store” (La
, an installation that simultaneously attracts and repels viewers,
exposes the inherent conflicts in the international healthcare industry, and the
legalities and illegalities in the world of pharmaceuticals The Candy Store is a
retail space that houses "inconsumable products" made out of controlled
substances (e.g. tobacco Teddy bears and Vioxx ceramic candies) adding
meaningful visual spectacle and humor to the dialogue surrounding healthcare
issues and bridging boundaries between art, science, sociology and activism. It
continues what Warhol
began by blurring the lines between art and commodity
and builds on the notion of Claes Oldenburg's
store (1961) with the addition of a
socially conscious message that can effect political change.
The pharmaceutical/health care industry system in America is dysfunctional.
While large segments of the population go without access, the privileged are
over-medicated, sometimes relying on pharmaceuticals as treatment for
conditions once held as normal variations in personality and temperament.
Those without medical access must seek alternative methods, crossing the
borders of Mexico or Canada in search of affordable drugs. Many on fixed
incomes must choose between life-saving medications or food, shelter and
Americans are led to believe that pharmaceuticals in the US are superior to those
made in neighboring countries. The unfortunate truth is that the US has removed
many medicines from the market that were supposedly tested for safety and
efficacy. “The Candy Store” (La dulcería
addresses this trend toward self-
medication by allowing consumers to purchase inconsumable objects (talismans
or placebos) made of their medications of choice. As viewers become
participants, each draws on their own experiences in the quest to remain healthy
and productive. Viewers will also identify with the quick fix society, the irony of
talismans made of ceramic and medicine, placebos as metaphors and tobacco
toys designed to entice young patrons. Many of the medicinal ingredients are
based on the artists’ own experiences. Larry
was prescribed two medications
which were released for consumption and later found to be unsafe and sadly, Debby's
brother died from abusing prescribed drugs that were easily available
and purchased through the internet. The addiction occurred as a result of his
back surgery and pain medicine that was initially ordered for him by his
physician. Unfortunately, these family tragedies are reflective of larger societal
ills. Consider school children medicated to conform to acceptable standards who
will likely find it difficult to cope without drugs/medication later in life.
The venue at La Casa Del Túnel: Art Center
is an apropos location considering
the hordes of US citizens who cross the border to save money on less expensive
prescription medications. The added facet of a drug-smuggling tunnel
transformed into a cultural venue transformed into a drug store makes the project
even more significant, meaningful, timely and edgy. Saturday, November 7, 4:00 PM.
A roundtable discussion will address the
questions raised by the exhibition. The discussion will include the artists, a
pharmacist, a physician and an advocate for medical marijuana. The discussion
is free and open to all members of the bi-national community.
Contact: Artists, Debby and Larry Kline
Contact: La Casa Del Túnel: Art Center, Luis Ituarte in Tijuana 664 682-
9596/231-9686 en los EE.UU. 323 574 9197
The Candy Store will feature some of the latest works by The Klines including Toxic Cocktails
Toxic Cocktails is comprised of dozens of bone-like bisque ceramic angel-topped
swizzle sticks assembled in the form of a human skeleton, resembling an
archaeological or forensic study. Each angel has been inscribed with the name
of one of over twenty medications, selected by the artists at random, that have
been recently removed from the market. The medications are as follows:
In 2001, Bayer voluntarily removed Baycol from the market. The drug was intended to
lower cholesterol and prevent heart disease. It was found in some cases to cause a fatal
form of rhabdomyolysis.
Bextra was approved for use by the FDA in 2001, and used widely to relieve pain
associated with arthritis. It was later found to cause life threatening skin conditions and
Duract is an anti-inflammatory drug used for the short-term treatment of acute pain. The
FDA approved the drug in 1997, followed by reports of the drug causing liver failure in
patients who used the drug for longer than 10 days.
The FDA recently issued a safety warning on the Duragesic patch, citing improper use
may cause breathing difficulties and death. A manufacturing problem left some of the
patches with a cut in the internal reservoir lining. Contact with a defective pain patch may
deliver a dose of fentanyl which can lead to breathing problems or overdose.
In 2004, the FDA banned all substances using Ephedra. Evidence has shown that the
compound is only effective for short-term weight loss but it can be responsible for an
increase in blood pressure, strokes and heart disease.
Millions of prescriptions were written for the weight loss drug Fen-Phen. It has since been recalled after producing serious side effects including permanent health damage and death. American Home Products, the creators of Fen-Phen, have been accused of intentionally hiding the risks of the drug prior to the recall.
In 2000 Glaxo-Smith-Kline nearly discontinued the production of Lotromex following reports of severe stomach and intestinal disorders which often required surgery, caused discomfort and in extreme cases, death.
Palladone was pulled from the market after just 5 months. Palladone provided severe pain relief over a 24 hour period but was particularly dangerous when taken with alcohol. Alcohol disturbs Palladone's extended relief system causing some users to overdose in order to relieve pain.
In 2007, The FDA announced that the distributers and manufacturers of Pergolide removed the drug from the market because of the potential for heart valve damage.
Pondimen is linked with primary pulmonary hypertension and heart valve damage. Heart valve damage is of a particular danger because the symptoms can go unnoticed for long periods of time. Prior to the recall of Pondimen testing showed 30 percent of users showed some form of heart valve damage.
Posicor effectively reduced hypertension but was found to produce dangerously low heart rates when combined with over 25 different drugs.
In 2000, the FDA recalled Propsulid, a drug designed to treat severe heartburn. While effective against heartburn it was linked with 80 deaths and hundreds of cases of irregular heart rhythms.
Raxar was given FDA approval in August 1997 and recalled two months later. Raxar was intended to treat infections ranging from pneumonia to sexually transmitted diseases. It was quickly linked to serious side effects including death.
Redux was designed to combat obesity but was later linked to serious heart conditions. It was commonly used in a combination with other drugs to form dexfen-phen. On their own, the drugs were considered safe, but no tests were run to examine the effects of combining the drugs.
Rezulin was shown to be associated with liver disease. With two other type 2 diabetes medications available, the FDA asked that Rezulin be taken off of the market.
Seldane, an allergy medicine, was linked with irregular heart beats and proven potentially fatal when mixed with other medications.
After three patients developed serious side effects, Tysabri was removed from the open market, a controversial decision as many multiple sclerosis sufferers are hoping for its return.
In 2005 the FDA issued a request to the manufacturer of Vioxx, asking that they recall the drug due to evidence that it was responsible for an increased risk of heart attack and stroke.
Data revealed a significant increase in potentially fatal heart incidents among users of Zelnorm/Zelmac. The FDA asked Novartis to suspend marketing and sales of Zelnorm while it reevaluates the drug’s risk/benefit profile.
In 2008 Digitek tablets were recalled after being found to contain twice the approved level of digoxin. The double-strength pills posed a risk of digitalis toxicity, nausea, vomiting, low blood pressure, cardiac instability and death.
In 2009, the FDA warned dieters and body builders to immediately stop using Hydroxycut, a widely sold supplement linked to cases of serious liver damage. The warning was delayed because the FDA has no authority to review supplements before they're marketed. In 1998, Roche announced Posicor's withdrawal. Before it was removed from the market, Posicor caused multiple injuries and may be responsible for as many as 143 deaths. Baxter Healthcare Corp., has been accused of deliberately substituting ingredients in its anti-coagulantwith a dangerous counterfeit to maximize profits. The tainted Heparin was distributed to the U.S., where hundreds of allergic reactions occurred causing more that 80 deaths and hundreds of illnesses before the drug was recalled.
Drug and alcohol interactions (Adapted from Drug / Alcohol Interactions – When to be Cautious. Adapted from O’Hagan J, Robinson R, Whiteside E. Alcohol and Drug Problems: Handbook for Health Professionals. Wellington: Alcohol Advisory Council, 1993.) Drug-alcohol interactions are frequently encountered because they are widely used substances. Ethanol is metabolised in the liver by
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