Title and name of product or technology
Water reuse with ozone as oxidant Abstract
Regarding the new challenges coming with anthropogenic micropollutants and future
regulations, the ozonation can be an option to solve these tasks especially in
combination with biological treatment. Ozone has the ability to oxidise and disinfect
simultaneously. Today, 40 technical applications of ozonation in combination with
biological treatment already exist but a few are published. The experiences show, that
treatment of wastewater with ozone and biology is an economical and promising
technology, even in large scale. Description including main features/advantages
Especially in combination with biological treatment, the ozonation is able to oxidise
target compounds as pathogens, colours, pharmaceutical pesticides, herbicides at low
dosage rates and other persistent COD at higher dosage rates meeting future
standards as described in the European Water Framework Directive. Innovative aspects
Combination of ozone and biological treatment. Current and potential industrial users/domains of application
The water treatment plant Kalundborg treats mixed sewage consisting of 20%
municipal and 80%industrial wastewater. The industrial fraction largely derives from a
international pharmaceutical company, which operates one of the largest insulin
production plants worldwide at this site. Due to this, the treatment plant is designed to
purify and clarify the wastewater of nearly 350,000 inhabitants resulting from the
adjacent pharmaceutical company, although Kalundborg is a smallish town. The
wastewater contains difficult-to-degrade organic impurities monitored as COD value.
Due to the extension of production scheduled by the pharmaceutical company, it was
decided to redevelop the treatment plant completely.
As the last treatment step an ozone treatment was projected within the recirculation
system, for degrading a load of up to 1.250 kg COD per day. Therefore the ozone
system was designed for 180kg Ozone/h (2 times 90 kg/h).
After passing through treatment steps typical for conventional wastewater treatment
plants, the biologically pre-clarified wastewater is treated by ozone within the
recirculation system. This ozonation takes place in six reaction vessels with a total
volume of 300 m3. Within a period of only15 minutes of total contact, a drastic reduction
of the persistent organic impurities occurs. The COD could be reduced by 38 % from in
average 120 mg/l to 75 mg/l in average. At the end of the trials, the COD could be
reduced to approx. 68 mg/l. To improve the overall reduction capacity, a H2O2 dosage
and an additional biological filtration after the O3/H2O2 has been installed.
A complete removal of furosemid, sulfamethizol and ibuprofen could be detected at
ozone dosages of 21.5 to 53.5 gO3/m3. These dosages are much lower than approx
180 gO3/m3 needed for the elimination of the COD.
Assuming energy costs of 0.07 €/kWh and costs for the oxygen-supply of 0.12 €/m3
oxygen, an exemplary rough cost-estimation of the ozonation step delivers specific
operation-costs of approximately .to 01 to 0.3 €/m3 water treated. Current state of development
Waste water treatment plant is running with ozone treatment.
OVACOME FACTSHEET 26 Treatment-induced Menopause: Facing the Issues What is the menopause? ▼ Combination drugs: increased toxicity toThe menopause is a natural hormonal process,during which tie the woman’s oestrogen levels▼ Age: increased risk of ovaries failing over thegradually fall, and there is an increase in follicleage of 35. Younger women are also at risk,stimulating
National Home Oxygen Patients Association Four POCs Added to FAA list Effective January 6, 2010, the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) has added four new portable oxygen concentrators (POCs) to the list of approved devices. The newly added devices are the DeVilbiss iGO, International BioPhysics Corp. LifeChoice, Inogen One G2, and the Oxlife Independence Oxygen Concentrator. The FAA h