Happy Tums Beware of Food Additives .always read labels before buying Phone
Website www.happytums.comCompiled by Happy Tums
Known to provoke asthma attacks and urticaria (nettle rash) in
children. Also linked to thyroid tumours, chromsomal damage,
Commonly added to tablets and capsules; also used in ice-cream,
urticaria (hives) and hyperactivity. Tartrazine sensitivity is also
sweets, baked goods, confectionary, biscuits, synthetic coal tar
linked to asprin sensitivity. Used to colour drinks, sweets, jams,
derivative; May cause nausea, vomiting high blood pressures, skin
cereals, snack foods, canned fish, and packaged soups. BANNED
rashes, breathing problems and other allergic reactions. BANNED
FD& C Yellow No 10; Used in lipsticks, hair products, colognes.
Also used in a wide range of medications. Cause dermatitis.
Used in dairy products, sweets, and drinks, synthetic usually
occurring as aluminium lake (solution) or ammonium salt; BANNED IN Belgium, France, Germany, Switzerland, Sweden,
People who suffer asthma may also show an allergic reaction to it. Typical products are soft drinks. BANNED in Australia & USA.
E142 GREEN S (GREEN COLOUR)Synthetic coal tar derivative. Used in canned peas, mint jelly
and sauces, packet bread crumbs and cake mixes. BANNED in
FD&C Yellow No 6; Used in cereals, bakery, sweets, snack foods,
ice-cream, drinks and canned fish; synthetic; also in many medications including BEROCCA, POLARAMINE, VENTOLINE
SYRUP. Side effects are urticaria (hives), rhinitis (runny nose),
Dark brown colour made from sucrose; the HACSG. Used in oyster,
nasal congestion, allergies, hyperactivity, kidney tumours,
soy, fruit and canned sauces, beer, whiskey, biscuits, pickles.
chromosomal damage, abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting,
indigestion, distaste for foods, and seen increased incidence of tumours in animals. BANNED in Norway.
Red colour, derived from coal tar. Can produce bad reactions in asthmatics and people allergic to asprin. Typical products are
confectinary, marzipan, jelly crystals. BANNED in USA, Sweden,
Derived from the small herbaceous plant of the same name. Used in cake mixes, fruit-flavoured fillings, jelly crystals. Can provoke
asthma, eczema and hyperactivity. It caused birth defects and
Coal tar derivative. Used in brown sauces, blackcurrant cake
foetal deaths in some animal tests, possibly cancer. BANNED in
mixes. BANNED in Denmark, Belgium, Germany, Sweden, Austria,
the USA, Russia, Austria, Norway and other countries.
Orange-red colour used in sweets, drinks and condiments,
Black colour, charcoal pigment. Used in jams, jelly crystals,
medications and cosmetics, synthetic; introduced in the early
liquorice; BANNED in the United States. Only the vegetable derived
eighties to replace amaranth which was considered un-safe due
to conflicting test results. Allura red has also been connected with cancer in mice. BANNED in Denmark, France, Germany, Switzerland, Sweden, Austria, and Norway.
Brown colour, coal tar and azo dye. Used in chocolate cake
Derived from coal tar. All sulphur drugs are toxic and restricted in
mixes. Can produce bad reactions in asthmatics and people
use; (in USA, FDA prohibits their use on raw fruits and vegetables),
allergic to asprin. Also known to induce skin sensitivity. BANNED
produced by combustion of sulphur or gypsum. Known to provoke
in Denmark, belgium, France, Germany, Switzerland, Sweden,
asthma attacks and difficult to metabolise for those with impaired
kidney function. Also destroys vitamin B1; typical products are beer, soft drinks, dried fruit, juices, cordials, wine, vinegar, potato products.
E160# (b) ANNATTORed colour; derived from a tree (Bixa orellana). Used as a body
paint, fabric dye, digestive aid and expectorant. Used to dye
Also known as flowers of benzoin, phenlycarboxylic acid,
cheese, butter, margarine, cereals, snack foods, soaps, textiles
carboxybenzene. Added to alcoholic beverages, baked goods,
and varnishes. Known to cause urticaria (nettle rash).
cheeses, gum, condiments, frozen dairy, relishes, soft drinks, cordials, and sugar substitute. Also used in cosmetics, as an
antiseptic in many cough medications and an anti fungal in
ointment. Can cause asthma, especially in those dependant on steroid asthma medications. Is also reputed to cause neurological
disorders and to react with sulphur bisulphite (222). Shown to provoke hyperactivity in children. Obtained from Benzoin, a resin
Used as antiseptic, as a food preservative and to disguise taste, as
of poor- quality food; (orange soft drinks contain a high amount of it, up to 25mg per 250ml). Also in milk and meat products, relishes
and condiments, baked goods and lollies. Used in many oral
medications including Actifed, Phenergan and Tylenol. Known to cause nettle rash and aggravate asthma.
E180 LATOLRUBINE BKBANNED in some countries. AVOID !
E221 SODIUM SULPHITEDecontaminating agent used in fresh orange juice.
E200 SORBIC ACIDEither obtained from berries or synthesised from ketene. Possible
E222, E223, E224, E225, E226, E227, E 228
BANNED in some countries. AVOID! ( see E220).
People with a history of allergies may show allergic reactions.
BANNED in some countries. Can be used for agricultural
purposes; typical products are citrus fruit.
BANNED in some countries. Can be used for agricultural purposes; typical products are pears, carrots, peaches, plums,
prunes, sweet potatoes, citrus fruit, pineapples, tomatoes,
Can be used for agricultural purposes; typical products are citrus fruit, apples, pears, potatoes, banana, mushrooms, meat, & milk.
E217 SODIUM PROPYL P- HYDROXYBENZOATEBANNED in some countries. AVOID!
E235 NATAMYCINMould inhibitor derived from bacteria; sometimes used medically
to treat candidiasis. Can cause nausea, vomiting, anorexia, diarrhoea, and skin irritation. Typical products are meat and
Allergic reactions, mainly affecting the skin. AVOID!
Petroleum based. May cause nausea, vomiting, delirium. Typical products are fats, oils and margarine. A dose of 5g is considered
Colour fixative and curing agent for meat. Nitrites can effect the body’s ability to carry oxygen, resulting in shortness of breath,
dizziness, and headaches; potential carcinogen. Not permitted in
Petroleum derivative, retards spoilage due to oxidation. Used in
foods for infants and young children.
edible oils, chewing gums, fats, margarine, nuts, instant potato products, polyethylene food wraps. Not permitted in infant foods.
Can provoke an allergic reaction in some people. May trigger
May provoke hyperactivity and other adverse reactions, potentially
hyperactivity and other intolerances; serious concerns over
carcinogenic. Restricted in many countries. Can combine with
carcinogenicity and estrogenic effects. In large doses caused
chemicals in stomach to form nitrosamine.
tumours in lab animals. BANNED in Japan in 1958, official committees of experts recommended that it be banned in the UK.
However, due to industry pressure, it was not banned.
May be derived from waste animal or vegetable matter. Used in gun powder, explosives and fertilisers, and in the preservation
of meat. May provoke hyperactivity and other adverse reactions;
Derived from milk (lactic acid); May contain pork rennin or whey
potentially carcinogenic. Restricted in many countries. (see E249).
in process. Young children with lactose intolerance may show adverse reactions.
E261 POTASSIUM ACETATEFood acid. Should be avoided by people with impaired kidney
function. Typical products are sauces, & pickles.
1, 4 - HEPTONOLACTONEBANNED in some countries.
E264 AMMONIUM ACETATECan cause nausea, vomiting and headaches.
E375 NIACINVitamin B3; naturally occurs in bean pea and other legumes,
milk, eggs, meat, poultry, and fish. At doses in excess of 1,000mg
Food acid, acidity regulator. Produced by heating and fermenting
per day can cause liver damage, diabetes, gastritis, eye damage
carbohydrates in milk whey, potatoes, cornstarch, or molasses.
and elevated blood levels of uric acid (which can cause gout). At
Difficult for babies to metabolise. Used in sweets, dressings, soft
amounts as low as 50-100 mg may cause flushing (harmless but
drinks, infant formulas and confectionary.
painful), headache, and stomach-ache especially if taken on an empty stomach.
E280 PROPIONIC ACIDAll propionates, are thought to be linked with migraine headaches.
Produced when bacteria decompose fibre, commonly used in
A fire extracted from seaweed. It has recently been linked with
cancer because it may become contaminated when ethylene oxide is added to an inferior product, this results in ethylene
chlorohydrins forming, a highly carcinogenic compound. Linked to toxic hazards, including ulcers and cancer. The most serious
May be linked to migraines. Typical products are flour products.
concerns relate to degraded carragen, which is not permitted additive, native carrageen an, which is used, may become
Artificial sweetener and humectants; Derived from glucose, either
obtained from berries or synthesised. Used in lollies, dried fruit, pastries, confectionary, low calorie foods, pharmaceutical syrups
and ophthalmic preparations and is the seventh most widely used
Used to prevent rancidity in oily substances. Derived from nutgalls.
preservative in cosmetics. Not permitted in foods for infants and
May cause gastric or skin irritation. Gallates are not permitted
young children. Can cause gastric disturbance.
in foods for infants and small children because of their known tendency to cause blood disorder, methaemoglobinemia. Used
in oils, margarine, lard, and salad dressing, sometimes used in
Artificial sweetener and humectants. Derived from seaweed or the
manna ash tree. Possible allergen. Not permitted in infant foods due to it’s ability to cause diarrhoea and kidney dysfunction, also
may cause nausea, and vomiting. Typical products are low calorie
Can cause headaches, thirst and high blood sugar levels. Typical
Used in salt, dried milk substitutes and flour. Aluminium is known
products are liquors, confectionary, dried fruit, low calorie foods.
to cause placental problems in pregnancy and has been linked to Alzheimer’s.
E432# POLYSORBATE 20BANNED in some countries.
E576 SODIUM GLUCONATEBANNED in some countries.
E434# POLYSORBATE 40BANNED in some countries.
E620# GLUTAMIC ACIDFlavour enhancer, salt substitute; amino acid present in many
animal and vegetable proteins. Derived commercially from
Naturally occurring in the skins of apples. Used to thicken jams,
bacteria. Might cause problems as MSG (621). Young children
jellies, and sauces. Large quantities may cause temporary
Flavour enhancer derived from the fermentation of molasses, salt
Possible allergen. May contain E220. Asthmatics and people
substitute. Adverse effects appear in some asthmatic people. Not
permitted in foods for infants and young children. Typical products are canned vegetables, canned tuna, dressings, and many frozen foods.
E461 METHYL CELLULOSECan cause flatulence, distention, intestinal obstruction.
E622 MONOPOTASSIUM GLUTAMATECan cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, abdominal cramps. Typical
products are low sodium salt substitutes.
Maybe associated with itchy skin rashes up to 30 hours after indigestion. Rashes may vary from mild to dramatic is dose-
related and cumulative, some individuals are more sensitive than others. Typical foods include flavoured chips, instant noodles, and
party pies. BANNED in some countries.
Glazing agent, used to wax fruit. See bee products; occasionally causes allergic reactions.
E503 AMMONIUM CARBONATEIrritant to mucous membrances.
E903 CAMAUBA WAXDerived from a South American palm. Used in cosmetics and inks,
and to wax fruit. Can cause allergic reactions.
Derived from insects. Occasionally causes irritations of the skin.
Should be avoided by people with impaired liver or kidney function. Typical products are flour products.
E905# PARAFFINS, MICROCRYSTALLINE WAXMay inhibit absorption of fats and fat soluble vitamins, mild
laxative. There may be link to bowel cancer. Used in sweets,
in processing yeast, vitamin tablets, dried fruit, confectionary, collagen.
E514, E524, E525, E527, E528, E530, E536, E 540
ALL these have been BANNED in some countries.
Has been linked to stomach cancer. Typical products are polished
Large quantities can cause nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, and pain.
Typical products are flour products.
E928 BENZOYL PEROXIDEApproved by FDA for bleaching the carotenoids in refined flours. Asthmatics and people with a history of allergies, BEWARE!
E951# ASPARTAMEArtificial sweetener. Too many adverse effects possible to list. Some people are allergic to aspartame, migraine and headaches a common reaction in these people.
E952 CYCLAMIC ACIDCalcium & sodium cyclamate, artificial sweetener. Known to cause migraines and other reactions. Can be carcinogenic. BANNED in US & UK due it’s links with cancer.
E954 SACCHARINESCalcium & sodium saccharin; artificial sweetener derived from toluene (a known carcinogen). BANNED in 1977 in the US, but reinstated subject to strict labelling stating: ‘USE OF THIS PRODUCT MAY BE HAZARDOUS TO YOUR HEALTH. THIS PRODUCT CONTAINS SACCHARIN WHICH HAS BEEN DETERMINED TO CAUSE CANCER IN LABORATORY ANIMALS”.
E1520 PROPYLENE GLYCOLHumectants, wetting agents, dispersing agent, petroleum based. It’s glycerine like taste has made it popular for children’s medications and other elixirs. Used in many topical creams and ointments, cosmetics, hair products and deodorants. Has been linked with fatal heart attacks, central nervous system depression and cosmetic or pharmaceutical contact dermatitis.
CASEINPhosphoprotein of milk, which has a molecular structure that is extremely similar to that of gluten. AVOID, especially for celiac people.
DREHER Donatus Stefan, MD, PhD, FMH Respiratory Medicine Professional positions Clinical experience Scientific research Education track Personal data Publications 1. Professional positions Co-founder and Owner, TOTZKE & DREHER SCIENTIFIC SA Clinical Consulting and Medical Writing Senior Medical Director, Clinical Group Head, Global Clinical Development Unit, Rh